The Government has developed this National Policy and Action Plan for Human Rights in recognition of its primary responsibility to observe, respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the Constitution of Kenya, 2010. The fundamental purpose of this policy is to make operational chapter four of the Constitution and enhance the protection of human rights in the country. It provides a comprehensive and coherent framework that elaborates broad human rights principles to guide government and other actors in carrying out programmes, strategies and plans that will enhance the realization and enjoyment of rights by the people of Kenya.
The Government's commitment to human rights in the country is derived from rights based Constitution and the numerous regional and international human rights instruments acceded or ratified by Kenya. The Bill of Rights in the Constitution is the mandatory framework for all social, economic and cultural policies in the country. It articulates important human rights principles and standards that are not only important for the well-being of individuals and communities but are also essential components of economic and social progress. For the Bill of Rights to translate into concrete realization of rights for the people of Kenya, all public policies, programmes and budgets, across both national and county levels, must be sensitive to and in compliance with human rights principles and standards as guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights thus finds expression in the adoption of a National Policy and Action Plan for Human Rights that strengthens social harmony and cohesion, advances the process of development and promotes accountability.